# Scientific Notation Worksheet, Examples, and Definition

Get the free Scientific Notation Worksheet and other resources for teaching & understanding Scientific Notation

### Key Points about Scientific Notation

- Scientific notation is a mathematical expression used to represent numbers that are too large or too small to be conveniently written in standard decimal form.
- To write a number in scientific notation, the decimal point is moved until only one non-zero digit is left to the left of the decimal point, and the exponent is the number of places the decimal point is moved.
- Converting a number to scientific notation is useful for comparing and calculating numbers that differ by orders of magnitude, and for expressing very large or very small numbers in a concise and easy-to-read format.

## Operations with Scientific Notation

**Scientific Notation** is a way to write numbers that are really large or really small. There are two parts to a number written in **Scientific Notation**. The first part is called the coefficient and the second part is a power of ten. In order for a number to be correctly written in **Scientific Notation**, the coefficient must be between one and ten. The exponent on the power of ten tells you how many spaces to move the decimal point and which way to move the decimal point. If the exponent is positive, the decimal point moves to the right. If the exponent is negative, the exponent moves to the left. **Scientific Notation** is helpful for understanding things like the scale of the universe or the diameter of a cell. **Scientific Notation** consists of a coefficient and a power of ten.

Scientific notation is a mathematical expression used to represent numbers that are either too large or too small to be conveniently written in standard decimal form. It is widely used in the scientific community and is also known as exponential notation. In scientific notation, a number is expressed as a product of a coefficient and a power of ten. The coefficient is a number between 1 and 10, and the power of ten is an integer.

To write a number in scientific notation, the decimal point is moved to the right or left until only one non-zero digit is left to the left of the decimal point. The number of places the decimal point is moved is the exponent. If the decimal point was moved to the left, the exponent is positive. If the decimal point was moved to the right, the exponent is negative. The coefficient is the resulting number with the decimal point removed.

Converting a number to scientific notation is useful because it makes it easier to compare and calculate numbers that differ by orders of magnitude. It is also used to express very large or very small numbers in a concise and easy-to-read format. In the next section, we will discuss how to convert a number to scientific notation and vice versa.

**Common Core Standard: **8.EE.A**Related Topics: **Square Roots, Cube Roots, Irrational Numbers, Powers of 10, Converting Numbers to Scientific Notation, Converting Numbers from Scientific Notation, Adding and Subtracting in Scientific Notation, Multiplying in Scientific Notation, Dividing in Scientific Notation**Return To: **Home, 8th Grade

## What is Scientific Notation?

Scientific notation is a way to express numbers that are either too large or too small to be conveniently written in decimal form. It is a shorthand way of writing numbers using powers of 10. In scientific notation, a number is written as a product of a number between 1 and 10 and a power of 10.

For example, the number 3,456,000,000 can be written in scientific notation as 3.456 × 10^9. Here, 3.456 is the coefficient or mantissa, and 10^9 is the exponent. The exponent tells us how many places to move the decimal point to the right or left to get the original number.

Scientific notation is useful because it simplifies the representation of very large or very small numbers. It is commonly used in scientific and engineering calculations, where numbers can be very large or very small.

Scientific notation can be expressed in different forms such as engineering notation, standard form, and e-notation. Engineering notation is similar to scientific notation, but it uses powers of 10 that are multiples of 3, making it easier to read and understand. Standard form is another way of expressing scientific notation, where the coefficient is written as a whole number and the exponent is written as a superscript. E-notation is a shorthand way of writing scientific notation using the letter “e” instead of “× 10^”.

Scientific notation is also useful in calculations, where it helps to avoid errors due to the large number of digits involved. It is also helpful in comparing numbers that have different numbers of digits. In scientific notation, the significant digits are easy to identify as they are the non-zero digits in the coefficient.

In summary, scientific notation is a way to express very large or very small numbers in a simpler form. It is a shorthand way of writing numbers using powers of 10 and is commonly used in scientific and engineering calculations. It can be expressed in different forms such as engineering notation, standard form, and e-notation, and is useful in avoiding errors in calculations and comparing numbers with different numbers of digits.

## How to do Scientific Notation

Scientific notation is a way of writing numbers that are either too big or too small to write in standard decimal form. It is commonly used in science and engineering to represent very large or very small values. In scientific notation, a number is written as a base multiplied by a power of 10. The base is always greater than or equal to 1 and less than 10. The power of 10 represents the number of places the decimal point is moved to the left or right.

To write a number in scientific notation, follow these steps:

- Determine the base: Identify the first non-zero digit of the number. This digit will be the base of the scientific notation.
- Determine the power of 10: Count the number of places the decimal point needs to be moved to get the base to a value between 1 and 10. If the decimal point needs to be moved to the left, the power of 10 will be positive. If the decimal point needs to be moved to the right, the power of 10 will be negative.
- Write the number in scientific notation: Write the base followed by “x 10” and the power of 10. For example, the number 347,000 can be written in scientific notation as 3.47 x 10^5.

Scientific notation can also be used to perform multiplication and division of numbers with large or small values. When multiplying or dividing numbers in scientific notation, follow these steps:

- Multiply or divide the bases: Multiply or divide the bases of the numbers being multiplied or divided.
- Add or subtract the powers of 10: Add the powers of 10 if the bases were multiplied, or subtract the powers of 10 if the bases were divided.
- Write the answer in scientific notation: Write the resulting base followed by “x 10” and the resulting power of 10.

E notation is a variation of scientific notation that is commonly used in computer programming and other applications. In E notation, the letter “E” is used instead of “x 10” to indicate the power of 10. For example, 3.47 x 10^5 can be written in E notation as 3.47E5.

Understanding scientific notation is important for anyone working in science or engineering, as it allows for easier representation and manipulation of very large or very small values. It is also useful for everyday applications, such as understanding the order of magnitude of values in everyday life.

## Converting to Scientific Notation

Converting numbers to scientific notation can be useful when dealing with very large or very small numbers. In scientific notation, a number is expressed as a decimal between 1 and 10 multiplied by a power of 10. This allows for easier manipulation and comparison of these numbers.

To convert a number to scientific notation, one must first determine the appropriate power of 10. For large numbers, the power of 10 is equal to the number of digits to the left of the decimal point minus 1. For example, the number 123,456,789 would be converted to 1.23456789 x 10^8. In this case, there are 8 digits to the left of the decimal point, so the power of 10 is 8-1=7.

For small numbers, the power of 10 is equal to the number of zeros between the decimal point and the first non-zero digit plus 1. For example, the number 0.000000123 would be converted to 1.23 x 10^-7. In this case, there are 6 zeros between the decimal point and the first non-zero digit, so the power of 10 is -6+1=-7.

There are several tools available to convert numbers to scientific notation. One such tool is the Scientific Notation Calculator from Mathway 1. This calculator allows users to enter a regular number and automatically converts it to scientific notation. Another option is the Scientific Notation Converter from Calculator Soup 2. This tool provides multiple formats for the converted number, including engineering notation and word form.

Overall, converting numbers to scientific notation can be a useful tool when dealing with large or small numbers. By following the appropriate steps or using available tools, anyone can easily convert a number to scientific notation.

## 3 Simple Scientific Notation Examples

Scientific notation is a useful way of writing very large or very small numbers. In scientific notation, a number between 1 and 10 is multiplied by a power of 10. For example, 650,000,000 can be written in scientific notation as 6.5 × 10^8.

- Check the base of the number in Scientific Notation.
- The base must be in between one and ten. If it is not, it is not in Scientific Notation.
- Check to make sure the Power of Ten has a ten as the base.

Here are a few more examples of scientific notation:

- 0.0000000012 can be written as 1.2 × 10^-9
- 12,000,000 can be written as 1.2 × 10^7
- 0.00000001 can be written as 1 × 10^-8

Notice that in the first example, the exponent is negative because the number is less than 1. In the second example, the exponent is positive because the number is greater than 1. In the third example, the exponent is extremely negative because the number is very small.

Scientific notation is particularly useful in science and engineering, where very large or very small numbers are often encountered. It allows scientists to write these numbers in a compact and easy-to-read form.

## 5 Quick Scientific Notation Practice Problems

## Scientific Notation Definition in Math

Scientific notation is a mathematical expression used to represent very large or very small numbers in a concise and convenient form. It is commonly used in mathematics, science, and engineering to express quantities that are too big or too small to be easily written in standard decimal notation.

In scientific notation, a number is written as the product of a decimal number between 1 and 10, and a power of 10. The decimal number is called the significand or mantissa, while the power of 10 is called the exponent.

For example, the number 3,000,000,000 can be written in scientific notation as 3 × 10^9. Here, the significand is 3 and the exponent is 9. Similarly, the number 0.00000000000000000000001 can be written in scientific notation as 1 × 10^-23. Here, the significand is 1 and the exponent is -23.

Scientific notation is particularly useful when dealing with very large or very small numbers, as it allows for easier manipulation and calculation. It also provides a way to express numbers with a consistent number of significant figures, regardless of their magnitude.

In addition, scientific notation is often used in conjunction with SI prefixes, which are a set of standard prefixes used to denote multiples or fractions of SI units. For example, the prefix milli- denotes one-thousandth, so 0.001 can be written as 1 × 10^-3 in scientific notation.

It is important to note that scientific notation can also be used to represent values that are less than 1, by using a negative exponent. For example, the number 0.00005 can be written as 5 × 10^-5 in scientific notation.

Overall, scientific notation is a powerful tool in mathematics, science, and engineering, allowing for the representation of very large or very small numbers in a concise and consistent manner.

## Scientific Notation Rules

Scientific notation is a standard way of writing very large and very small numbers so that they’re easier to both compare and use in computations. Every number in the scientific notation must be in the form of a x 10^n where 1 ≤ a < 10 and n must be a positive or negative integer. Here are some scientific notation rules to keep in mind:

- The base should always be 10
- The exponent must be a non-zero integer, that means it can be either positive or negative
- The absolute value of the coefficient is greater than or equal to 1 but it should be less than 10

For example, the number 500 can be written in scientific notation as 5 x 10^2. The coefficient is 5, and the exponent is 2. The number 0.05 can be written in scientific notation as 5 x 10^-2. The coefficient is 5, and the exponent is -2.

Scientific notation is particularly useful when dealing with very large or very small numbers. For example, the distance between the Earth and the Sun is approximately 93 million miles. This number can be written in scientific notation as 9.3 x 10^7 miles. Similarly, the diameter of a human hair is approximately 0.00004 inches. This number can be written in scientific notation as 4 x 10^-5 inches.

Arithmetic operations can be performed on numbers written in scientific notation. When adding or subtracting numbers in scientific notation, the exponents must be the same. If the exponents are different, one of the numbers must be rewritten so that the exponents match. When multiplying numbers in scientific notation, the coefficients are multiplied, and the exponents are added. When dividing numbers in scientific notation, the coefficients are divided, and the exponents are subtracted.

In conclusion, scientific notation is a useful tool for writing very large and very small numbers. It follows a set of rules that make it easy to read, compare, and perform arithmetic operations on these numbers.

## Standard Form to Scientific Notation

Scientific notation is a useful way to write very large or very small numbers. It is a shorthand way of expressing numbers that have a lot of digits. Standard form is another way of expressing numbers, but it is not as compact as scientific notation. In this section, we will discuss how to convert a number from standard form to scientific notation.

To convert a number from standard form to scientific notation, you need to follow a few simple steps. First, you need to move the decimal point so that there is only one non-zero digit to the left of the decimal point. This digit will be the coefficient. Next, you need to count the number of places you moved the decimal point. This number will be the exponent.

For example, let’s say you have the number 4,500,000. To convert this number to scientific notation, you would first move the decimal point so that there is only one non-zero digit to the left of the decimal point. In this case, the decimal point would move five places to the left, so the coefficient would be 4.5. The exponent would be 6, since you moved the decimal point six places.

The number 0.000000000014 can also be expressed in scientific notation. To convert this number to scientific notation, you would first move the decimal point so that there is only one non-zero digit to the left of the decimal point. In this case, the decimal point would move thirteen places to the right, so the coefficient would be 1.4. The exponent would be -12, since you moved the decimal point twelve places to the left.

It is important to note that when converting a number from standard form to scientific notation, the exponent will be positive if you move the decimal point to the left, and negative if you move the decimal point to the right.

There are many scientific calculators and scientific notation calculators available that can help with converting numbers from standard form to scientific notation. These calculators can make the process much easier and faster. However, it is still important to understand the steps involved in the conversion process.

## Scientific Notation Real Life Examples

Scientific notation is a useful tool for expressing very large or very small numbers in a compact and easy-to-understand format. It is used in many different fields, from science and engineering to finance and economics. Here are a few examples of how scientific notation is used in real life.

### Scientific Notation and the Metric System

The metric system is a system of measurement used throughout the world. It is based on units of ten, which makes it easy to convert between different units. Scientific notation is often used with the metric system to express very large or very small measurements.

For example, the distance from the Earth to the Sun is approximately 149.6 million kilometers. This can be expressed in scientific notation as 1.496 x 10^8 km. Similarly, the mass of an electron is approximately 9.11 x 10^-31 kilograms.

### Scientific Notation in Space and Astronomy

Space and astronomy are fields where very large distances and masses are often encountered. Scientific notation is used extensively in these fields to express these numbers in a clear and concise way.

For example, the distance to the nearest star, Proxima Centauri, is approximately 4.24 light-years. This can be expressed in scientific notation as 4.24 x 10^16 meters. Similarly, the mass of the Sun is approximately 1.99 x 10^30 kilograms.

### Scientific Notation in Video and Multimedia

Scientific notation is also used in video and multimedia to express frame rates and bit rates. Frame rate is the number of frames per second in a video, while bit rate is the amount of data used to represent each frame.

For example, a video with a frame rate of 30 frames per second and a bit rate of 5 megabits per second can be expressed in scientific notation as 30 fps and 5 Mbps, respectively.

Overall, scientific notation is a valuable tool for expressing very large or very small numbers in a clear and concise way. It is used in many different fields, from science and engineering to finance and economics, and is an essential part of modern life.

## How to do Scientific Notation FAQ

### What are the rules for writing numbers in scientific notation?

Scientific notation is a way to express numbers that are very large or very small in a more compact form. The general form of a number in scientific notation is a x 10^n, where a is a number between 1 and 10, and n is an integer. To write a number in scientific notation, move the decimal point to the left or right until there is only one non-zero digit to the left of the decimal point. Count the number of places you moved the decimal point, and that number is the exponent n.

### How do you convert a number to scientific notation?

To convert a number to scientific notation, first determine the non-zero digit to the left of the decimal point. Then, count the number of digits between that digit and the decimal point. This number is the exponent of the power of 10. Finally, write the number in the form a x 10^n, where a is the non-zero digit and n is the exponent.

### What is an example of a number written in scientific notation?

An example of a number written in scientific notation is 3.6 x 10^8, which represents the number 360,000,000.

### How do you multiply numbers in scientific notation?

To multiply numbers in scientific notation, multiply the coefficients (the numbers to the left of the “x 10^n” part) and add the exponents. For example, to multiply 2.5 x 10^3 and 3.0 x 10^4, you would multiply 2.5 and 3.0 to get 7.5, and add the exponents to get 7.5 x 10^7.

### How do you convert a number from scientific notation to standard form?

To convert a number from scientific notation to standard form, multiply the coefficient by 10 raised to the power of the exponent. For example, to convert 1.2 x 10^5 to standard form, you would multiply 1.2 by 10^5 to get 120,000.

### What is the exponent in scientific notation?

The exponent in scientific notation is the power of 10 that the coefficient is multiplied by. For example, in the number 4.2 x 10^6, the exponent is 6.

### What is in scientific notation example?

In scientific notation, a number is expressed as a x 10^n, where a is a number between 1 and 10, and n is an integer. For example, the number 6,200,000 can be written in scientific notation as 6.2 x 10^6.

### How to do scientific notation step by step?

To write a number in scientific notation, move the decimal point to the left or right until there is only one non-zero digit to the left of the decimal point. Count the number of places you moved the decimal point, and that number is the exponent n. To convert a number from scientific notation to standard form, multiply the coefficient by 10 raised to the power of the exponent. To multiply numbers in scientific notation, multiply the coefficients and add the exponents.

## Scientific Notation Worksheet Video Explanation

Watch our free video on how to solve **Scientific Notation**. This video shows how to solve problems that are on our free **Scientific Notation **worksheet that you can get by submitting your email above.

**Watch the free Scientific Notation video on YouTube here: Scientific Notation Worksheet Video**

**Video Transcript:**

This video is about our introduction to scientific notation worksheet. You can get the worksheet we use in this video for free by clicking on the link in the description below.

This video is about our scientific notation worksheet that is about identifying if a numbers written in scientific notation or not. Now scientific notation has two parts. The first part about scientific notation is that it always has a base. This base is always in between the numbers 1 and 10. The second part of a number in scientific notation is that our base is being multiplied by a power of 10. The power of 10 always has a base of 10 and then an exponent that can be either positive or negative. Just to give you a quick example of a number written in scientific notation, something like this which would be 4 point 5 times 10 to the 5th power. This 4 point 5 here is our base and then this 10 to the fifth power is the power of 10. You can see that the base for point 5 is being multiplied times a power of 10.

Let’s do a couple practice problems on our intro to scientific notation worksheet. The directions say to state whether each number is written in scientific notation. You simply have to look at each of these numbers and determine if they are correctly written in scientific notation. If you look at number one, number one gives us a base of 5 and then a power of 10 that is 10 to the 6 power. Our base of 5 is in between 1 and 10 that means that this number is written in scientific notation. Number 2 gives us 5 point 0 1 0 1 times 10 to the 4th. 5 point 0 1 0 1 is in between 1 and 10 and it is and it is being multiplied times a power of ten so that means that this is also correctly written in scientific notation.

Number six gives us point seven times 10 to the negative fifth. Now this point seven is less than one so if this is smaller than the number one, it’s less than one, that means that the base is not correctly written in scientific notation. This is not in scientific notation. Then the last one is number seven which is fifteen point three five times ten to the sixth. Our base here is greater than ten that means that this base is not in between one and ten therefore this number is not correctly written in scientific notation.

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